Naturalization / Citizenship
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Under U.S. immigration law, there are three ways to obtain citizenship. Generally, persons born in the United States are considered to be U.S. citizens. In addition, under certain circumstances, persons can acquire or derive U.S. citizenship through their parents, and sometimes, even through their grandparents. Persons who satisfy the requirements of naturalization are eligible for citizenship. Naturalized citizens receive all of the rights, privileges and responsibilities that citizenship entails.
Although there are exceptions, most applicants for naturalization must fulfill age, residence, physical presence, and good moral character requirements. Specifically, most naturalization applicants must have been a permanent resident and have maintained a residence in the United States continuously for five years since obtaining permanent resident status. Persons with permanent resident status living in marital union for three years with a U.S. citizen spouse are eligible for citizenship. Although overseas travel is permitted after applying for citizenship, a U.S. residence must be maintained between filing for naturalization and obtaining citizenship. There are special procedures which apply to military veterans and individuals currently serving in the U.S. Armed Forces and they may be exempt from some of the general requirements.
Most applicants must reside for three months in the state of the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) district of filing. Additionally, most applicants must have been physically present in the United States at least half of the required time period prior to filing, i.e., either half of five or three years. Absences from the United States of over six months, but less than one year, during either the five or three year periods break the continuity of residence, unless the applicant can prove that residence was not abandoned. Absences of over one year break the period of required residence where the applicant does not obtain the USCIS’ approval of an application to preserve residence. Applications for citizenship may be filed no more than 90 days before the applicant’s fifth or third anniversary date as a permanent resident.
All naturalization applicants must demonstrate good moral character. Good moral character is determined not only by an examination of the applicant’s police records, but also general conduct. Some behavior, such as failure to pay child support or taxes, certain driving offenses, and criminal convictions can result in a finding that an applicant lacks the required good moral character for American citizenship.
Literacy, civics and the oath requirements
All applicants for naturalization are required to have a basic knowledge of English and of U.S. history and government. With the exception of certain persons over 50 years of age and individuals who are disabled, applicants are tested on their ability to read, write and speak words in English at an elementary level. Applicants are also tested on the fundamentals of history and the principles of U.S. government. There are exceptions to these requirements based on age and disability considerations. Those who are over 50 years of age and who have been residing in the United States for at least 20 years as of the date of filing of the application can be tested in their native language. This exception also applies to applicants over 55 years of age and who have been living in the United States as lawful permanent residents for over 15 years. Applicants who are physically unable to comply with the English or civics requirements because of a physical or mental impairment may be excused. Once an application for naturalization has been approved, an applicant is required to take an oath of allegiance to the United States. This requirement can be waived for those applicants who are physically, developmentally or mentally impaired.
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Le doy gracias y toda la gloria a nuestro padre Dios por ponerme en mi camino a esta gran persona, la abogada María Mendoza, sé que Dios la usó y la sigue usando con grandes victorias y haciendo un poco de justicia para muchas personas hispanas.
La vida me cambió por completo, muchos planes aquí en Estados Unidos a lado de mi familia y con mejor trabajo, mucha tranquilidad aquí en este país muchísimas gracias a usted y a todo su equipo de trabajo 100% recomendable y muy agradecido con ustedes dios los bendiga hoy y siempre.
Gracias a la abogada María Mendoza, tengo un mejor trabajo con un mejor sueldo para poder darle una mejor vida a mi familia. Ahora quiero ahorrar para poder comprar una casa y estoy ansiosa por el siguiente paso que es la residencia.
Tuve muchas malas experiencias con los abogados, como creo que todos, roban el dinero y no te hacen el favor, pero la abogada Mendoza si cumplió. Tengo mi permiso de trabajo, mi tarjeta de seguro social, el permiso de viaje … muy bien la abogada … recomiendo mucho a la abogada Mendoza.
Quiero agradecer a Dios y a la abogada Maria Mendoza y su equipo que hicieron un excelente trabajo porque otros dos abogados no me ayudaron y con ella u su equipo, gracias a Dios, aquí están los resultados. Gracias …. si se puede con ella.